As of 30 January 2012, the US has issued some important sanctions against a few major corporations and the EU has escalated its regulations on Iranian trade.
Current US regulations allow tough measures to be taken against non-US entities involved in prohibited activities, wherever based, which include: the development of Iranian petroleum resources; assistance to Iran’s production of refined petroleum products; and/or the exportation to Iran of refined petroleum products.
The first Chinese entity was recently penalized under the Iranian Sanctions Act of 1996, providing a clear indication of how determined and vigilant the US authorities are that companies comply with their trade restrictions.
On 23 January 2012, the EU significantly tightened its Iranian sanctions in-line with the US. The four key developments can be summarised as follows:
(1) The import, purchase or transport of Iranian crude oil, petroleum and petrochemical products is prohibited. Therefore, all contracts relating to Iranian crude oil and petroleum products bound before 23 January 2012 can run until 01 July 2012, and those relating to petrochemical products bound before 23 January 2012 can run until 01 May 2012. No related contracts/policies can be bound on or after 23 January 2012 and no related contracts/policies can run to or beyond 01 May 2012 or 01 July 2012, whichever is applicable.
(2) The sale, supply or transfer of key equipment and technology for the petrochemical industry in Iran, or to Iranian or Iranian-owned enterprises engaged in the industry outside Iran, is prohibited. Contracts/policies bound before 23 January 2012 can however, run until expiry.
(3) The direct or indirect sale, purchase, transportation of gold, diamonds and precious metals to, from or on behalf of the Iranian government and any related entities is prohibited. The delivery of new or unissued Iranian banknotes to the Central Bank of Iran is also illegal.
(4) Additional individuals and entities have been added to the asset freeze.
These regulations apply to all EU nationals, corporations, and flagged vessels wherever located. Insurance and/or reinsurance of any listed activities, irrespective of where they are taking place, which involve an EU national, corporation or flagged vessel are therefore illegal.
If you have any questions or concerns in relation to sanctions, please contact us. Please also be aware, international regulations are constantly changing and updates provided are by no means exhaustive.
23 September 2014
Article in Lloyd's Marine Viewpoints 2014, written by Ken Littlejohn, our Director Head of Claims and Legal.
29 August 2014
FP Marine Risks' feature for Voice of the Independent, August 2014.
9 December 2013
The Club decided that a general increase of 10% on the Annual Call rates for 2014/2015 Policy Year for both P&I and FD&D is required.
15 November 2013
2 April 2014
FP Marine Risks, the leading specialist marine insurance broker, announced today that it has completed its acquisition of the assets and staff of Hong Kong based marine insurance broker, Risk Exchange Ltd.
10 March 2014
FP Marine Risks, the leading specialist marine insurance broker, today announced that it is in advanced negotiations to acquire the assets and staff of Risk Exchange Ltd, a highly regarded marine insurance broker, also based in Hong Kong.
26 March 2009
26 November 2008